The period of Romanticism is the period from the end of the 18th century to the late 19th century, during which many important works of art in the field of painting, music, literature and philosophy are created. The main motives for the artists in this period were the longing, love and loneliness, as well as the eerie, subconscious, fantastic and adventurous, which man can not resist. The artworks of Romanticism are characterized by the spirit of individualism, and often convey a melancholy, even sad mood. It definitely pays off to see them, so in this article we collected interesting facts about the most important works of painting, literature and music from the Romantic era. We hope that you will be impressed by the uniqueness of Romantic art!
Important works of art from the Romantic era – painting
The typical romance longing to escape from reality and immerse yourself in a fantastic world is best expressed in painting. The main representative is the painter, draftsman and graphic artist Caspar David Friedrich (1774-1840). His works are representative of the epoch because they combine many of the characteristics of Romanticism. The famous Friedrich pictures, such as “The Wanderer above the sea of fog” betray a world view, characterized by melancholy, wanderlust and homesickness – contradictory feelings from which man can find no way out. For Friedrich, as well as for the other painters of this period, the depiction of nature reflects the inner world of man. Often the landscape is unruly and mysterious – just like the human soul. Another important representative of painting from the Romantic era is Philipp Otto Runge (1777-1810). His painting “The Morning” refers to the famous motif for the Blue Flower – a symbol of yearning, wanderlust and love, which was first used by the poet Novalis. Other famous painters from the epoch of Romanticism are Johann Martin von Rohden (1778-1868), Carl Gustav Carus (1789-1869) and Ludwig Richter (1803-1884).
The romance in the literature
The most important mediator of the new ideas was undoubtedly literature. The poet Novalis was actually the first to use the term “romance”. The literature of that time was a kind of escape from the reality of the capitalist, profit-oriented world. Characteristic of this were the fantastic stories about adventure, travel and love, where you can make no exact difference between reality and dreams. An example of this are the works “Wilhelm Meister’s apprenticeship” by Goethe, “From the life of a good-for-nothing” by Eichendorff, and “Life-Views of the Cat Murr” by ETA Hoffmann. And when it comes to poetry – it was a very special and important form of expression for the romantics. Through his poetry, the artist should create an ideal world that reflects his ideas, feelings and dreams. For this reason, it was a spontaneous, sometimes melancholy, erotic poetry, but impressed with its simplicity and perfection. The poems are often dedicated to the feeling of homelessness and wanderlust, or describe the enchantingly beautiful nature images, such as Eichendorff’s “Moon Night”. Other important representatives of Romanticism in the field of literature are August Wilhelm Schlegel (1767-1845), Friedrich Schlegel (1772-1829), Clemens Brentano (1778-1842), Achim and Bettina von Arnim, as well as the Brothers Grimm.
Artworks of the Romantic in the field of music
In music too, romance has its important representatives. These include the world-famous composers Franz Schubert (1797-1828), Robert Schumann (1810-1856), Richard Wagner (1813-1883), Giuseppe Verdi (1813-1901), Johannes Brahms (1833-1893), Hector Berlioz (1803 -1869), and last but not least Richard Strauss (1864-1939). It can be said that the music of that time best conveys the enormous variety of emotions that arouse the ideas of romance. During this period, the orchestra has been expanded to give the melody subtler nuances and thereby overwhelm the listener. It is characteristic of the music of romanticism that it crosses borders – for example, the fixed rules of harmony, so that the result becomes unique in the end.