Amman, the modern and ancient capital of Jordan, is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world. In this city, the modern buildings mingle with the remnants of ancient civilizations. The abundance of gleaming white houses, kebab stalls with meat roasts, and small cafes, where strong Arabic coffee can drink, enchant with a mood of a thousand and one nights.
View of the capital of Jordan
The capital of Jordan was mentioned in the Old Testament as Rabbath-Ammon, known as the capital of the Ammonites, it was also called the “city of water”.
In the Greco-Roman period in the 3rd century BC, the city of Philadelphia (Greek for ” The Brotherhood of Love “) was renamed after the Ptolemaic ruler Philadelphus (283-246 BC).
City tour of Amman
The city later came under Seleucid and Nabataean rule until the Roman general Pompey annexed Syria and made Philadelphia part of the Decapolis League – a loose alliance of ten free-city states, bound by powerful commercial, political and cultural interests under total allegiance to Rome.
Under the influence of Roman culture, Philadelphia was usually reconstructed large Roman style with colonnades, baths, an amphitheater and impressive public buildings.
Recent excavations show houses and towers, which were probably built in the Stone Age
During the Byzantine period, Philadelphia was the seat of a Christian bishop, and therefore several churches were built. The city had declined somewhat until the year 635 AD. As Islam spread north from the Arabian Peninsula, the country became part of its domain. His original name Ammon or Amman was returned to him.
Abu Darwish Mosque in the capital of Jordan
The modern history of the capital of Jordan began in the late 19th century, when the Ottomans resettled a colony of Circassian emigrants in 1878. When the state of East Jordan was founded and relocated by the Arab revolt, Emir Abdullah ibn Al-Hussein founder of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan made Amman his capital in 1921. Since then, the capital of Jordan has rapidly developed into a modern and cosmopolitan city transformed over two million people.
Amman – a versatile metropolis
Amman is a city with different faces. In East Amman, conservative Islamic ideals prevail over the locals, who are just steps away from Palestinian refugee camps, while western Amman seems like a completely different world – with its trendy cafés, eclectic art galleries, leafy neighborhoods, and world-class restaurants. The true character of the Jordanian capital can only be understood after a visit to the two parts.
New York’s Fifth Avenue and the Paris Champs Elysees may be more famous than Rainbow Street in Amman, but this street is no less glamorous. The miles long paved strip stretches through the colorful and multi-ethnic cosmopolitan center of Jabal Amman. There, visitors to Joradnia can enjoy the most exclusive and exciting boutiques, nightclubs, cafés and restaurants.
A roundtrip from Amman
The back streets of the thriving neighborhood are home to a number of cultural institutions, including the Royal Film Commission and the Wild Jordan Environmental Agency. There it is where the urban cultures merge with the spirit of the Arab soul.
Umbrellas hanging over a narrow staircase
Begin your exploration of the area where American fast food chains compete with local shops and where neon lights glow day and night. Skip the Western imports and instead visit one of the local cafes for a thirst-quenching jasmine tea or a strong coffee. Get your drink to go, then hike to the top of Rainbow Road for one of the best panoramic views in the city.
On Friday the road will be taken over by Souk Jara Market. Local artisans and artists sell their latest jewelry, woodcarvings and paintings from the makeshift stalls, and the street has an almost carnival-like feel.
In the middle of this modern neighborhood is the Roman Forum, a relic of Jordan’s long history. Built in 190, the square was one of the imperial Rome’s largest public squares. Today, a number of pillars is all that remains, but it is still worth a visit to walk under the rubble.
Eastern Amman has its own treasures, and the most impressive is the Roman citadel. The ancient columns, stairs and arches that remain in place are evidence of the capital’s claim to being one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world. The nearby Honeycomb Temple of Hercules was built under Marcus Aurelius in AD 162 and offers visitors another superb view of the city.
Roman theater in Amman