Learn about the most famous species of evergreen trees! The evergreen trees and shrubs keep their leaves green throughout the year. However, not all are the same. By differentiating between the most common varieties of evergreen trees, it will be easier for you to find one that suits your specific landscape needs.
Evergreen trees for landscaping
Most evergreen trees are conifers, while the evergreen shrubs can also contain broadleaf varieties. In addition, the wax properties vary greatly depending on the tree species. Therefore, it is important to distinguish between the different varieties before adding these plants to your own garden. Just one recommendation – needle evergreen trees make a great addition to the landscape, especially if they are scattered among other plantings. They have a wide assortment of shapes and sizes and are suitable for many types of soil and growing conditions. That is, some evergreen tree species thrive better in certain places and temperatures than others.
The most preferred use of these trees is for decorative purposes
However, some varieties can also provide a good shade or serve as wood material. Differentiating between the most popular evergreen trees will help you find a suitable tree that not only suits your specific landscape needs, but also fulfills the purpose you intended. The pines are probably the most notable of the evergreen tree species. While most of them have long needled leaves, not all pines are the same.
Each species of evergreen trees has its own unique characteristics
Some of the most commonly used varieties are:
Eastern White Pine (Pinus Stroboscopes) – this fast-growing variety reaches 80 feet or more. This is an ideal choice for use as a sample planting or as a wooden material and shade.
Pinyon pine (P. edulis) – which is one of the slow-growing pines, reaching only 12 to 15 feet in height. Which is perfect for growing in pots, rockeries and shrub borders.
Monterey pine (P. radiata) – this evergreen tree grows fast and everywhere. He is a finicky pine that is not tolerant to drought or cool temperatures.
Pinyon pine reaches 80 to 100 meters in height, without pruning
Allepo or Mediterranean Pine (P. halepensis) – unlike Monterey, this pine species thrives in poor soils and drought-like conditions. It also tolerates heat and windy climate. It is a fast growing tree between 30-60 meters high.
Red Pine (P. resinosa) – this tree has interesting reddish-colored bark. The Japanese Red variety (P. densiflora) is an excellent slow-growing pine variety that is suitable for small areas.
Japanese Black Pine (P. thunberglana) – this pine has unusually dark gray to black bark. While it is a fast-growing pine variety that reaches up to 60 feet in height. You can also crop them. In fact, it is often used as a popular bonsai sample for pots.
Scots or Scotch pine (P. sylvestris) – which can be difficult to adapt to landscape conditions, but is commonly used as a container plant or Christmas tree because of its interesting yellow to blue-green color of the leaves.
Spruce trees, with their attractive short needles and hanging cones, are an excellent addition to the landscape. Popular varieties are the following:
Spruce (Picea abies) – this tree grows up to 60 meters, has an appealing dark green foliage on hanging branches and produces decorative, purple cones. It enjoys cool conditions and is an excellent choice for windbreaking or trial planting on large land.
Colorado Blue Spruce (P. pungens glauca) -The Blue Spruce is another tall tree that reaches up to 60 meters. This pattern tree is known for its pyramid shape and blue-gray foliage color.
White spruce (P. glauca) – this is a pale green spruce variety.
Dwarf Alberta Spruce – Monrovia
grows in pots or often occurs as a border and foundation planting. It has feathered needles and is available in pyramidal or columnar forms.
The fir trees are useful sample plantings and have straight cones. Some of the most commonly planted firs are: White fir (Abies concolor) – this fir has a soft, gray-green to silvery blue-green foliage. It makes a nice contrast with its dark colored evergreen needles. This variety grows between 35-50 meters.
Douglas Fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) – it is an attractive, fast-growing evergreen tree, quite large, however, about 50 to 80 meters high. It is great for use as a sample, sieve or group planting. He also makes an ideal Christmas tree.
Frasier Tanne (A. fraseri) – the Frazier Tanne has a narrow pyramid shape and grows up to 40 meters. Also, that is an excellent choice for Christmas or outdoors as a border, sample or potted plant.
Other evergreen trees
Other interesting evergreen trees are cedar, thüga and cypresses. Each of these trees offers its own unique qualities.
Cedar (Cedrus spp.) – Cedar varieties are elegant specimen plantings. Most have bundled needles with small upright cones. They grow anywhere from 30 to 60 meters with their dwarf types.
Thüga – also called Thuja, is a commonly seen accent among many landscapes, either as a planting or screening basis. The evergreen has shiny, scale-like leaves and reaches up to 40 meters high.