A vertical garden is an alternative for gardeners who do not have much space, want to cover an unattractive wall or just want to do something different.
First, a vertical garden needs a wall or wall selection
Start by selecting the wall. If you have a wall that looks bad, you probably want to change it, right? The good news is that almost every wall is eligible. If you do not intend to plant a very large vertical garden or even plant trees, you do not have to worry about the weight load.
Build the basic structure for the vertical garden
The basic structure of a vertical garden is a three-layer sandwich construction consisting of a frame, a plastic foil and a fabric. Build the scaffold first and hang it on the wall in a finished condition. This also makes later hanging down easier. To build the frame, you can use 3/4-inch PVC tubing, corner pieces and four-way joints. Attach a plastic wrap to the frame. The plastic serves as the basis for the fabric layer and keeps the water away from the wall. Now attach a fabric to the frame. This material serves as a livelihood for the plants, will absorb the water and thus provide the plants with water. They can use almost anything that absorbs water and does not disintegrate. You need to attach at least two layers of fabric. Attach it directly to the frame with either galvanized screws or stainless steel staples, just as you attach the fabric like a canvas over a frame. If the fabric is safe and firm, without kinking or wrinkles, you have done well. It should not fall down and just look pretty.
Configure an irrigation system to create a vertical garden
In order for the plants to grow in a vertical position, you need an irrigation system that guarantees enough moisture in the fabric view. It basically consists of a tube that attaches to the top of the frame, allowing the water to drip off. The easiest way to get something suitable directly from the dealers. Attach an emitter every 5 to 8 cm along the upper irrigation tube and experiment to find the right settings – the wall should be wet enough, but the plants should not be overhydrated.
Attach the finished frame with stainless steel mounting hardware to prevent rusting. Hacking is also okay if you intend to hang the frame. Otherwise, simply angle brackets are brought to the wall and bolted and the frame will thus be finished.
To fertilize your wall, you’ll need a fertilizer injector that connects to a simple irrigation valve and sends the liquid manure into the irrigation system. Then connect the irrigation system and connect it to a water source. You need to clean the water with an irrigation water filter, this is quite cheap and available at most hardware stores. Remember, it will drip water; A solution would be to create a flower bed under your vertical garden.
A vertical garden but with the right plants
Similar to any gardening, when selecting plants, be aware of the conditions – sun, shade, humidity, wind and even cold, if they intend to plant the wall throughout the year. If you intend to leave the vertical garden in winter, choose plants for a colder zone than the one in which you live. If you build a removable wall and plant evergreens, you can try to keep this wall in a cool, dry place in winter while the plants are resting.
Some plants that thrive in a vertical position are funchios, ribbon flowers, phalaenopsis, ferns, weigela and even blueberries.
The plants are inserted into the outer layer of the tissue. Use a razor blade to make a horizontal cut in the fabric. Get the plant out with the roots and take as much as necessary (you can help with some straw) and put them into a cut. Take a staple gun and place three to five stainless steel staples in a semicircle around the root ball, securing the fabric and plastic pad together and providing a secure fit.
Vertical garden design and plant care
Choose plants that will grow to a size of 50 to 90 cm, and plant them in the upper area so they can create shadows below. When doing this, keep in mind that you need to plant shade-preferred species, such as ferns. Planting in vertical stripes, with green shade plants in one strip and sun-loving flowers in another, would also be a good idea. Design your own plant variations. The height of a vertical garden offers many possibilities and styling is also fun.